However, a new study shows that certain thin-film solar cells currently on the market could leach hazardous amounts of cadmium after disposal (Environ. Back Radiation Greenhouse Effect of 33 Kelvin Possible? When growth levels off then PV producers would face rapidly increasing recycling costs as a percentage of revenues. TomOMason: “Leaching from broken panels damaged during natural events — hail storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, etc. The type of solar panels that are by far the most common on homes are made of crystalline silicon (c-Si). The fact that cadmium can be washed out of solar modules by rainwater is increasingly a concern for local environmentalists like the Concerned Citizens of Fawn Lake in Virginia, where a 6,350 acre solar farm to partly power Microsoft data centers is being proposed. Principia Scientific International (PSI) is a not-for-profit community interest association. Everyone is happy with the result.”. http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=16329. Industry often prefers to comply with a single national standard rather than multiple different state standards. The vapor pressure of CdTe at ambient conditions is zero. There really isn’t much difference between yourselves and Dr. Dumbass: Climate science has become a religion based on liberal values, couched in scientific vagueness and self-righteous indignation. All of that waste creates a large quantity of material to track, which in turn requires requires coordinated, overlapping, and different responses at the international, national, state, and local levels. You are an ideologue. Cadmium fumes may cause flu like symptoms and more severe respiratory problems. In addition to atmospheric pollution, coal burning produces hundreds of millions of tons of solid waste products annually, including fly ash, bottom ash, and flue-gas desulfurization sludge, that contain mercury, uranium, thorium, arsenic, and other heavy metals. Third, the United Nations Environment Programme’s Global Partnership for Waste Management, as part of its International Environmental Partnership Center,  should more strictly monitor e-waste shipments and encourage nations importing used solar panels into secondary markets to impose a fee to cover the cost of recycling or long-term management. Given the decentralized nature of solar energy production, and lack of technical expertise at the local level, it is especially important that the whole society be involved in protecting itself from exposure to dangerous toxins. Have you any evidence that nature works as you say? “Putting it as universal waste eliminates the testing requirement.”. James McGinn: “We’ll do the recycling, and they’ll pay the price at that time.”, Or they won’t. “We estimate there are 100,000 pounds of cadmium contained in the 1.8 million panels,” Sean Fogarty of Concerned Citizens of Fawn Lake stated to Shellenberger. And as the problem of the secondary market for solar shows, ultimately there needs to be some kind of international regulation. California’s Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC), which is implementing the new regulations, held a meeting last August with solar and waste industry representatives to discuss how to deal with the issue of solar waste. If you are so confused you cannot formulate a specific argument or even a specific point don’t whine to me about it. In relation to solar panels, the CdTe is safe while encapsulated in the module, but if the panel is damaged and exposed to water, the cadmium telluride could leach into the water. The editorial board of the Wall Street Journal? You are a pretend skeptic. Second, the federal government should encourage citizen enforcement of laws to decommission, store, or recycle solar panels so that they do not end up in landfills. To me you guys are just as lost as all the meteorologists and climatologists are currently — and all of you are shouting loudly that you have the truth. Cadmium dust is even more toxic, leading to respiratory, liver and kidney problems that can be fatal. Regarding coal-burning waste, it’s still a manageable waste that we handle. Therefore, it is impossible for any vapors Consider the following statements: Were these statements made by the right-wing Heritage Foundation? The last few years have seen growing concern over what happens to solar panels at the end of their life. And CO2 cannot acidify the oceans, and marine life and plant life all love more CO2. Have you any evidence that nature works as you say? This method raises the possibility of bankruptcy down the road by shifting today’s greater burden of ‘caused’ costs into the future. https ://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=17125, “coal fired per stations, which also produce large amounts of CO2, driving hazardous climate change?”. REC does not use cadmium telluride in any of its solar panels. Studies have shown the heavy metals in solar panels — namely lead and cadmium — can leach out of the cells and get into groundwater, as well as affect plants. According to a report by the World Health Organization in 2008, coal particulates pollution are estimated to shorten approximately 1,000,000 lives annually worldwide. AU - Wilkening, Jean V. AU - Field, James A. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in 2016 estimated there was about 250,000 metric tonnes of solar panel waste in the world at the end of that year. This has to be weighed against that cadmium is considered approximately 10 times more hazardous than lead,” Westgaard said. There is growing concern over the possibility of rainwater washing cadmium out of panels … An Indian research team has analyzed around 300 scientific studies about PV panel waste containing carcinogenic metals. From your link I see lots of negativity against current thinking — all well and fine but where is your science? c-Si cells are currently 95% of the market.. With few environmental journalists willing to report on much of anything other than the good news about renewables, it’s been left to environmental scientists and solar industry leaders to raise the alarm. Field, Reyes Sierra-Alvarez. Technol. IRENA projected that this amount could reach 78 million metric tonnes by 2050. What Drives The Jet Streams? TomOMason: A tornado in 2015 broke 200,000 solar modules at southern California solar farm Desert Sunlight. And no other electronics industry makes being “clean” its main selling point. Solar panels glimmering in the sun are an icon of all that is green. Solar cells, wind bird shredders and biofuels are net energy LOSERS. If so show it — AND STOP SHOUTING ABUSE! An obvious solution would be to impose a new fee on solar panels that would go into a federal disposal and decommissioning fund. Several leaching technologies were assessed and the extraction of CdTe from samples of PV modules was optimized for maximum efficiency and minimum cost. (For the mitigating of which they do not pay). These metals also have a record for detrimental effects on human health. Meteorological theory has always been a religion based on traditional values, couched in scientific vagueness and self-righteous dimwittedness. The information below comes from Wikipedia: the final sentence puts the two in context… You are just one of many, many ideologues using the atmosphere as the canvas to express your politics. LOL. In the past, differing state laws have motivated the U.S. Congress to put in place national regulations. Mr. Westgaard acknowledges the handling of CdTe panels in large solar farms may be closely monitored and recycling programs in place, but states REC is concerned with home solar power and medium scale solar installations that may not be subject to such controls. Governments of poor and developing nations are often not equipped to deal with an influx of toxic solar waste, experts say. Many experts urge mandatory recycling. 57-64 ISSN: 0304-3894 Subject: “Either it becomes economical or it gets mandated. https ://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=16460, Accounting For Lorenz’s Missing Lubrication in the Atmosphere • CdTe is a very stable compound that is non-volatile and non-soluble in water. German researchers at the Stuttgart Institute for Photovoltaics warned that poor and developing nations are at higher risk of suffering the consequences. You don’t really understand the atmosphere and you don’t really care to understand it. NO, none of you have, without those carefully made and verified measurements giving evidence that your theory is correct, and can be useful in predicting with good accuracy what the weather and climate will do in the future it is not that worthy. “I’ve been working in solar since 1976 and that’s part of my guilt,” the veteran solar developer told Solar Power World last year. Researchers at the department of civil engineering of the Indian Institute of Technology have reviewed around 300 studies concerned with carcinogenic waste in PV panels published between 2000 and 2018.. Seth A. Robinson *a; George A. Meindl b a Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. From your link I see lots of negativity against current thinking — all well and fine but where is your science? Toshiba Environmental Solutions told Nikkei Asian Review last year that. ‘COVID-19: The Politics of a Pandemic Moral Panic’ – Book Excerpt, Researchers: people irrationally reject anti-lockdown findings, Israeli Scientists Prove Trump Correct on UV Light Killing COVID19, ‘This Is Not a Vaccine, it Is Irreversible Genetic Modification’ say Doctor, Coronavirus – A perspective from Britain Part 18, Solar flare in 774 AD changed Earth’s atmospheric chemistry, Science That Doesn’t Add Up: A Discussion Paper, Professor Dolores Cahill: People Will Start Dying After COVID Vaccine, Greenhouse Gas? California is in the process of determining how to divert solar panels from landfills, which is where they currently go, at the end of their life. Is Sustainable Energy Even Possible Globally? Cadmium telluride, while considered less dangerous in relation to acute exposure,  is toxic if ingested, improperly handled or the dust inhaled. I could expect a brainwashed school kid to say that but a doctor – incredible. Solar panels often contain lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals that cannot be removed without breaking apart the entire panel. Perhaps you have the correct course, perhaps you are on the right road, without verified evidence you have nothing! Leaching of cadmium and tellurium from cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin-film solar panels under simulated landfill conditions. PY - 2017/8/15. Portions copyright © Principia Scientific International. “The theory behind the regulations is to make [disposal] less burdensome,” explained Rick Brausch of DTSC. I wrongly b…, ...........and accomplish their population control…, Jerry: And I pointed to the observed fact that onc…, So, this jab is actually designed to cause an auto…, Hi TL, You just wrote: "Of course, if a lamp is us…, Yes James I completely agree, we need constant exp…, I agree Linden, and I have said exactly the same a…, Yes, indeed we must share the facts, but a wise pe…, Right on, Linden. While even silicon based solar panels have their own problematic element – lead – Mr. Westgaard says tests have shown lead leaching potential of approximately 4 grams of lead per kilowatt installed compared to approximately 23 grams of cadmium per kilowatt installed for CdTe panels. You are not a skeptic. “Any modules that were broken into small bits of glass had to be swept from the ground,” Mulvaney explained, “so lots of rocks and dirt got mixed in that would not work in recycling plants that are designed to take modules. 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